CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) is an international agreement between governments and one of the largest and oldest conservation and sustainable use agreements in existence. Its aim is to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival.
CITES has listed agarwood species of Aquilaria malaccencis in Appendix II in 1995. At that point the other Aquilaria species are not listed probably because still considered SAFE. However, beginning in 2004 all the species under the genus Aquilaria and Gyrinops also listed under Appendix IIof CITES.
Appendix II, are species that are not necessarily threatened with extinction, but may become so unless trade in specimens of such species is subject to strict regulation in order to avoid utilization incompatible with the survival of the species in the wild. In practice, many hundreds of thousands of Appendix II animals are traded annually. No import permit is necessary for these species under CITES, although some Parties do require import permits as part of their stricter domestic measures. Examples of species listed on Appendix II are the Great White Shark, the American black bear, Hartmann’s mountain zebra, African grey parrot, green iguana, queen conch, Mertens’ Water Monitor, bigleaf mahogany and Lignum Vitae “ironwood”.
In Malaysia, the local authoritiy which controls CITES permits is MTIB (Malaysian Timber Industry Board). To get a CITES permit, the application should be forwarded to the MTIB before agarwood trade to foreign countries can continue. Problems may arise if you do not have a CITES permit when arriving in the country that will receive your products later.