Planting method

In plantation forestry, it is essential to carefully assess the ecological conditions at the planting and to assess whether a potential species will survive and grow. Aquilaria spp. is not demanding regarding soil and climatic conditions, occurring naturally in all ecological zones and on a variety of soils (avoid clay soil). However, many planting have died back after 3 ~4 years of establishment, seemingly due to stagnant water. Planting on sloping lands is therefore recommended.

To reduce the mortality rate, seedlings are ready to transplanting into ground when achieving 60~90cm height. Older seedlings might not be good due to root coiling in the confined polybag if polybag is not big enough. Don’t buy seedlings …

  • with small polybag
  • older seedling 120cm and above

There are various ways to plant Gaharu seedlings, i have recommended below-guided method if time and labor are not your concern. Happy planting…

1. Planting hole preparation 40cm x 40cm x40cm. Leave for 2 ~ 3 weeks, with rain and sunshine repeatedly, the soil is oxygenated, very helpful for root growth.
2. Add 150~175ml CIRP. If the soil is hard, add 10~15% coco peat to loosen the soil mixture. Coco peat can absorb large volumes of water. Generally Coco peat can absorb water about half of its volume and 5 to 6 times its weight. Coco peat has great oxygenation properties. Other source of phosphorus can be obtained from TSP and DAP, but to be used with caution due to its causticity, having solution pH 1~3 and 7.5~8 respectively. Over dosage may damage the seedling. Advantage of TSP and DAP are both highly soluble and thus dissolves quickly in soil to release plant-available phosphate.
3. Add 15% cow dung (牛粪) as organic fertilizer, and 20grams of Funadan to minimise insect attack.
4. Mixing the mixture to small particle possible.
5. Refill the planting hole to appropriate level. Cover the seedling not more than 2” above planting surface. Deep planting will rot the stem in long run.

6.Remove polybag and place seedling into the planting hole.

7. Cover the seedling and chamfer the cimcumference to improve water catchment.

8. Chamfer the circumference of planting hole to improve water catchment.

9. Done. This method very tedious, time consuming, i would say the surviving rate is 99%.

Further reading …

  • If you are looking for seedlings supply, click”here“.
  • Minimum criteria to understand on Man-made-inoculant, click “here“.


124 Responses to Planting method


    I wants to know about artificial inoculation . If you have these inoculation please tell me details.

  2. Hemanshu says:

    I want to grow a agarwood in my farm . So give me some instruction for agarwood,

  3. Kishan says:

    I want to grow a agarwood in my farm . So give me some instruction for agarwood,

  4. Jibin Thomas says:

    I’m from Kerala, India and looking forward to start an Agar Wood plantation…..
    Do you think Kerala (South India) is suitable for this plantation?

    With kind regards,

    Jibin Thomas

  5. tshinkou says:

    No problem ….trees will grow at a slower pace.

  6. Mac Qalo says:

    Hi there Sir, will Agarwood grow well in Fiji, a tropical climate in the Pacific with temp ranging from 23 Deg Cel in our Cold months to 38 Deg Cel in Summer? Were on Latitude South 18.154 Deg. Thanks much for your help and information!

    • tshinkou says:

      My knowledge, Agarwood is distributed in PNG, i dont have idea if it is well grown in Fiji.
      You have to consider if u have the local market in Fiji, there are plenty of Agarwood plantation in Thailand and Vietnam,they have technology and cheap labor source, your input cost may be NOT competitive.

  7. Dorife Merilles says:

    Hi there Sir, will Agarwood grow well in Philippines?. Thanks much for your help and information!

  8. A K M Habibur rahaman says:

    i am interested in growing agarwood plantation. so please infom me guideline including plant supplies.

  9. A K M Habibur rahaman says:

    How can i collect seed or plant from you . pls inform me details.

  10. Hi and bula! This is Josese Nadomo Tagimailagi I’m planning to plant agarwood in my father’s lease farm at Koro Island FIJI.
    If agarwood grow well in my farm here in Fiji after 6 years and in harvesting time. How can I go further than that???Can you give me more instructions.
    Thanks very much

  11. Shiva says:

    Dow deep and wide is the root system. Trying to plant 3 to 4 agar trees in by backyard in Bangalore India. How far should I plant from wall? Thanks In advance

  12. Jayakumar says:

    I am very interested in starting an agrawood plantation in Malaysia (2 acres)
    Do you provide /sell sapling ?
    Can we do a joint venture ?
    please contact me +60163310718

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